A school is a place from which education is provided to children of compulsory school age during normal school hours.
The VRQA is responsible for the registration and regulation of all Victorian schools and directly quality assures independent schools. The VRQA also registers and quality assures non-school senior secondary providers.
A school can be registered as one or more of the following: primary, secondary, co-educational, single sex, specific purpose (one which provides an alternative educational program or educational focus), and specialist (one which caters mainly for students with disabilities, or with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties).
An organisation or group intending to register an independent school, with the exception of Seventh-day Adventist Schools Victoria, must submit an application directly to the VRQA. It is an offence under the Education and Training Reform Act 2006 (ETR Act) to operate a school without being granted registration by the Victorian Registration and Qualifications Authority (VRQA).