Independent School Review

Independent schools are reviewed against the minimum standards and other requirements for school registration by the VRQA.

All schools are reviewed at least once every five years. A school may be reviewed at any time.

A review may relate to all minimum standards (general review) or prescribed minimum standards (specific review). 

Schools are notified in writing about the focus for the review and given appropriate time to prepare. Our Independent school review readiness tool (docx - 825.21kb) can help your school prepare for a review.

Schools under review undergo an initial assessment by the VRQA. Depending on the outcome, a school may be the subject of a desk audit (documentation review) or a site audit. In some cases no further action is taken.

The VRQA may also conduct financial capability assessments of independent schools.

Registered schools must participate in reviews, including providing the VRQA with evidence of compliance.

Schools under review should use the below table to know which Regulations and guidelines they will be assessed against.

Date of review ​Regulation ​Guidelines
​Before 1 July 2018​Education and Training Reform Regulations 2007Guidelines to the minimum standards 2016 (doc - 2.83mb)
​From 1 July 2018​​Education and Training Reform Regulations 2017 ​Guidelines to the minimum standards 2017 (doc - 4.06mb)


Where a finding of non-compliance with a minimum standard is made, the VRQA may take any of the following actions in relation to a registered school:

  • impose conditions on the registration of a school for the whole or any part of the period of registration
  • impose interim conditions on a school prior to a review being completed
  • prohibit the school from enrolling any new students
  • require the school to report its non-compliance to parents
  • accept an enforceable undertaking from a school that is the subject of a review (see the VRQA Enforceable Undertaking Policy (docx - 62.23kb) for more information)
  • suspend or cancel the school’s registration.

A notice of proposed action is generally provided to the school, allowing the school 28 days to show cause as to why the proposed action should not take place.


A person whose interests are affected by a VRQA decision can apply to the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) to review the decision.

School review bodies

VRQA school review bodies manage the registration and the monitoring of compliance of schools in their system against the minimum standards and other requirements for registration.

The VRQA has approved the Regional Services Group of the Department of Education and Training, the Catholic Education Commission of Victoria Ltd (CECV) as review bodies for government schools and Catholic schools respectively. 

Arrangements for Review Bodies (pdf - 71.11kb) provides more information about the role and responsibilities of VRQA review bodies.

Further information